Common name: Iceland Moss
Latin name: Cetraria islandica
Other names: Iceland Lichen, Eryngo-leaved liverwort
Habitat: The plant is native to Europe, to sub-Arctic and mountain regions.
Description: Iceland Moss is a composite life form (lichen), symbiotic connection between algae and fungus. It has an appearance similar to moss. It is shrub-like plant, with crinkled, gray-green to dark brown forked branches. The upper side is darker; the underside is lighter, whitish. It grows up to 1, 2 meters in height. The whole plant is tough and springy.
Parts used: Whole plant
Useful components: Lichenin and isolechenin, galactomannans, glucans, lichenolic acids and aliphatic lichen acid
Medicinal use: Iceland Moss is strongly antibiotic and expectorant. It soothes irritated tissues, especially mucous membranes and is often used in cough medications. It eases dry cough and helps in case of a sore throat. It has beneficial results in cases of tuberculosis and bronchitis. It also controls vomiting, has excellent effects in treatment of gastroenteritis, loss of appetite and food poisoning. Used externally, the plant is an excellent remedy for vaginal discharge, boils and wounds.
Safety: Some herbs could react with certain medication. Therefore, it is advisable to consult your doctor/herbalist before consumption of any herb.