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List of Medicinal Herbs – Latin Terms

LIST OF MEDICINAL HERBS – LATIN TERMS

Aesculus hippocastanum – Horse Chestnut
Achilea millefolium – Yarrow
Acorus calamus – Sweet Flag, Calamus
Agavaceae – Yucca
Agrimonia eupatoria – Agrimony
Agropyron repens– Couch Grass
Alchemilla vulgaris – Lady’s Mantle
Allium cepa – Onion
Allium sativum – Garlic
Allium ursinum – Ramsons
Aloe barbadensis Miller – Aloe Vera
Althaea officinalis – Marshmallow
Anacamptis morio – Green-winged Orchid
Angelica silvestris – Angelica
Anethum graveolens – Dill
Anthyllis vulneraria – Kidney Vetch
Apium graveolens – Celery
Araliaceae>Panax – Ginseng
Arctium lappa – Burdock
Arctostaphylos uva ursi – Bearberry
Arnica montana – Arnica
Aronia – Chokeberry
Artemisia absinthium – Wormwood
Artemisia dracunculus – Tarragon
Asarum europaeum – Wild Ginger, Haselwort
Asparagus officinalis – Asparagus
Asperula odorata –  Sweet Woodruff
Avena sativa – Oat

Bellis perennis – Daisy
Berberis vulgaris – Barberry
Beta vulgaris – Beet
Betonica officinalis – Betony
Betula pendula – Birch
Borago officinalis – Borage, Starflower
Brassica nigra – Black Mustard
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis – Broccoli

Calendula officinalis – Marigold, Calendula
Camellia sinensis – Green tea
Cannabis sativa – Cannabis
Capsella bursa-pastoris – Shepard’s Purse
Carlina acaulis – Carline Thistle
Carum carvi – Caraway
Cassia angustifolia – Senna
Centella asiatica – Gotu Kola
Centaurium umbellatum – Centaury
Centaurium erythraea  – Centaury
Ceterach officinarum – Rustyback, Stone fern
Cetraria islandica – Iceland Moss
Chelidonium majus – Celandine, Tetterwort
Cichorium intybus – Chickory
Cinnamomum zeylandicum – Cinnamon
Citrus medica – Lemon, Citron
Convallaria majalis – Lily of the Walley
Coriandrum sativum – Coriander
Cornus mas – European Cornel, Dogwood
Crataegus laevigata – Hawthorn
Cucurbita pepo L – Pumpkin
Cydonia oblonga – Quince

Echinacea angustifolia – Echinacea
Elytrigia repens – Couch Grass
Equisetum arvense – Horsetail
Epilobium parviflorum – Willow Herb
Eucalyptus globulus – Blue Gum Tree
Eugenia carophyllata – Clove
Euphrasia officinalis – Eyebright

Ficus carica – Fig
Foeniculum vulgare – Fennel
Fragaria vesca – Wild Strawberry
Fraxinus excelsior – Ash

Galium verum – Lady’s Bedstraw
Galiuma aparine – Cleavers
Gentiana lutea – Great Yellow Gentian
Gentiana cruciata – Cross Gentian
Geranium macrorrhizum – Cranesbill
Ginkgo biloba – Ginkgo
Glechoma hederacea – Ground Ivy
Glycyrrhiza glabra – Liquorice

Hedera helix – Common Ivy
Helianthus annuus – Sunflower
Helichrysum arenarium – Everlasting Flower
Herniaria glabra – Rupturewort
Hibiscus – Hibiscus
Hieracium pilosella L – Mouse-ear Hawkweed
Hordeum sativum – Barley
Humulus lupulus – Hops
Hypericum perforatum – St John’s Wort
Hyssopus officinalis – Hyssop

Inula helenium – Elecampane, Horse-heal

Juniperus communis – Juniper
Juglans regia – Walnut

Larix europaea – Larch
Lavandula angustifolia – Lavender
Levisticum officinale – Lovage
Linaria vulgaris – Toadflax
Linum usitatissimum – Flax, Linseed
Lycopodium clavatum – Clubmoss
Lythrum salicaria – Loosestrife

Majorana hortensis – Marjoram
Malva silvestris – Mallow
Malus communis – Wild Apple
Malus sylvestris – Wild Apple
Marrubium vulgare – Horehound
Matricaria chamomilla – Chamomile
Melissa officinalis – Lemon Balm
Melilotus officinalis – Yellow Sweetclover
Mentha piperita – Peppermint
Morus alba – White Mulberry
Morus nigra – Black Mulberry

Nymphaea alba – White Lotus, Waterlily

Ocimum basilicum – Basil
Oenanthe aquatica – Water Dropwort
Oenothera biennis – Evening Primrose
Olea europaea – Olive
Ononis spinosa – Rest Harrow
Orchis morio – Green-winged Orchid
Origanum majorana – Marjoram
Origanum vulgare – Oregano

Paliurus spina-christi – Christ’s Thorn
Persicaria bistorta – Bistort
Petroselinum hortense – Parsley
Phaseolus vulgaris – Bean
Pilosella officinarum – Mouse-ear Hawkweed
Pimpinella anisum – Anise
Pimpinella saxifraga – Burnet Saxifrage
Pinus silvestris – Scots Pine
Plantago lanceolata – Ribwort Plantain
Plantago major – Greater Plantain
Polygonum bistorta – Bistort
Polygonum aviculare – Knotgrass
Polypodium vulgare – Common Polypody
Potentilla reptans – Cinquefoil
Potentilla tormentilla – Tormentil
Primula veris – Cowslip
Prunus domestica – Plum
Prunus persica – Peach
Prunus serotina – Wild Cherry
Prunus spinosa – Blackthorn
Pulmonaria officinalis – Lungwort
Punica granatum – Pomergranate
Pyrus piraster – WildPear

Quercus – Oak

Raphanus sativus – Radish
Rhamnus frangula – Glossy Buckthorn
Rhododendron ferrugineum – Alpine Rose
Ribes nigrum – Black Currant
Ribes rubrum – Red Currant
Robinia pseudoacacia – Black Locust
Rosa canina – Dog Rose
Rosa centifolia – Rose de Mai
Rosmarinus officinalis – Rosemary
Ruscus aculeatus – Butcher’s Broom
Rubus fruticosus – Blackberry
Rubus idaeus – Raspberry
Rumex obtusifolis – Broad-leaved Dock

Salvia officinalis – Sage
Salix caprea – Goat Willow
Sambucus nigra – Elder, Elderberry
Sanguisorba minor – Salad Burnet
Satureja montana – Winter Savory
Sempervivum tectorum – Houseleek
Serenoa Repens – Saw Palmetto
Sesamum indicum – Sesame
Silybum marianum  – Milk Thistle
Sinapis alba – White Mustard
Solidago virgaurea – Goldenrod, Woundwort
Symphytum officinale – Comfrey
Syzygium aromaticum Clove

Tabebuia avellanedae – Pink Ipê, Taheebo
Tabebuia impetiginosa – Pink Ipê, Taheebo
Taraxacum officinale – Dandelion
Teucrium chamaedrys – Wall Germander
Teucrium montanum – Mountain Germander
Thymus serpyllum – Wild Thyme
Thymus vulgaris – Common Thyme
Tilia platyphyllos – Large-leaved Linden/Lime
Trigonella foenum-graecum – Fenugreek
Tropaeolum majus – Garden Nasturtium
Tussilago farfara – Coltsfoot

Uncaria tomentosa – Cat’s Claw
Urtica dioica – Stinging Netle

Vaccinium myrtillus – Bilberry
Vaccinium oxycoccos – Cranberry
Valeriana officinalis – Valerian
Verbascum thapsus – Mullein
Verbena officinalis – Common Vervain
Veronica officinalis – Speedwell, Gypsyweed
Viola odorata – Common Violet
Viola tricolor – Heartsease
Viscum album – Mistletoe
Vitex agnus-castus – Chasteberry
Vitis vinifera – Grape Vine

Zea mays – Corn (Corn Silk)
Zingiber officinalis – Ginger

*Click on plant’s latin name for more info!

Daucus carota Carro