Common names: Lemon, Citron
Latin name: Citrus medica
Habitat: The origin of Lemon is unknown. The plant grows best in tropical and subtropical regions of the world.
Description: Lemon is a slow-growing shrub or a small tree. It has small, thick branches and tiny spines, growing in the leafs axils. Leaflets are ovoid to lanceolate, with almost wingless petioles. Flowers are four to five petalled, purple or pink in color. Fruit is oblong, obvoid or oval, narrowing toward the top. Its skin is thick, fleshy and very aromatic.
Parts used: Fruit, leaves, seeds.
Useful components: Citric acid, sulphuric acid, glucose, volatile oils, potassium, calcium, Vitamin C
Medicinal use: Since ancient times, citron is used as a herbal remedy for seasickness, pulmonary and intestinal disorders, dysentery and halitosis. It can be very useful herbal remedy for diarrhea. It eliminates gastric acidity, stimulates functioning of the liver. It is also helpful in cases of flatulence and vomiting. Citron can be very useful in cases of headaches, especially migraines.
Safety: Some herbs could react with certain medication. Therefore, it is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption of any herb.